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To president jefferson one major incentive to purchase louisiana was to

To president jefferson one major incentive to purchase louisiana was to

Westward expansion: crash course us history #24

The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a land transaction between the United States and France in which the United States paid $15 million for approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River.
[T]his minor case, France’s acquisition of Louisiana,… is the seed of a tornado that will erupt on both sides of the Atlantic, impacting the highest destinies of the countries concerned.
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In an April 1802 letter to Pierre Samuel du Pont, President Thomas Jefferson predicted that Spain would relinquish the vast territory of Louisiana to France. The Mississippi River’s navigation and access to the port of New Orleans had become vital to American commerce as the nation expanded westward, so this transition of authority was cause for concern. Within a week of writing to du Pont, Jefferson wrote to Robert Livingston, the United States’ Minister to France: “Every eye in the United States is now on the Louisiana situation. Nothing since the Civil War has created more unease in the nation’s body politic.” 2

To president jefferson one major incentive to purchase louisiana was to of the moment

The United States has acquired a number of new territories. The United States prior to the Louisiana Purchase is represented in brown. The Louisiana Territory is represented in black dots on a white backdrop. Dots indicate that another country claimed possession of a portion of the land that France sold.
The Louisiana Purchase was a land purchase made by Thomas Jefferson, the president of the United States, in 1803. He charged 15,000,000 USD to France, which was headed by Napoleon Bonaparte at the time, for the Louisiana territory. First, the men sent to France were allowed to spend up to ten million dollars to purchase New Orleans and, if possible, the Mississippi River’s west side. The French government then declared that for an extra $5 million, they would sell the entire Louisiana territory. The deal was accepted by Thomas Jefferson, who used his constitutional authority to sign treaties to purchase the land.
Napoleon Bonaparte needed money for the Great French War, so he sold the land. The British had rejoined the conflict, and France was losing the Haitian Revolution and unable to defend Louisiana. Even if it meant going against his Republican ideals of limited government, Thomas Jefferson saw the French offer as an opportunity to expand America (some would say he exceeded his constitutional power by accepting the deal on his own).

To president jefferson one major incentive to purchase louisiana was to 2020

The establishment of a “wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another” but otherwise leave them alone to control their own affairs was, in Thomas Jefferson’s view, the first order of business for him as President. He dreamed a government that upheld state sovereignty, worked with a smaller bureaucracy, and minimized debt. Jefferson also claimed that instead of Hamilton’s standing army, the country should rely on a “disciplined militia” for national defense against invasion. Above all, he believed that good government would foster “agricultural support.” In his view, trade should act as a “handmaiden” to agriculture rather than a guiding force.
As a result, he decreased the number of employees subject to presidential appointment to 316, while keeping the majority of the nation’s 700 clerks and 3,000 postal staff. The Army was reduced to two regiments, one infantry and one artillery (3,500 total), and the Navy was similarly reduced. He urged Congress to repeal the 1798 direct tax as well as the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were still in force. To emphasize his opposition to the rules, Jefferson personally pardoned the ten citizens who had been convicted as a result of them. During his two years in office, the national debt dropped from $80 million to 57 million, despite paying $15 million in cash for the Louisiana Purchase (see Foreign Affairs section).

To president jefferson one major incentive to purchase louisiana was to online

Westerners gradually used the Mississippi River to carry produce to market as white settlement in the United States expanded westward across the Appalachian Mountains. Since 1762, Spain has owned the Louisiana territory, which occupies 828,000 square miles and is now divided into fifteen states between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. However, by 1800, the Spanish empire was in shambles. In 1795, Spain and the United States concluded a treaty authorizing both countries to cross the Mississippi River and use the port of New Orleans for foreign shipping. Americans who wanted to expand westward didn’t see Spain as a long-term threat.
However, when Napoleon Bonaparte ascended to the throne of France in 1800, he intended to restore France’s empire in the Americas. He bought Louisiana from Spain in 1802 and sent troops to the New World to defend it. Westerners in the United States were concerned about the powerful French, especially the possibility that they would stifle American trade by blocking access to the port of New Orleans. “On the globe there is one single place, the possessor of which is our natural and habitual enemy,” said President Thomas Jefferson. It’s New Orleans after all.”