The odyssey part 3
The odyssey – book 3 – audiobook
And the sun sprang up into the brazen sky, leaving the beautiful mere, to give light to the immortals and mortal men on the earth, the giver of grain; and they came to Pylos, Neleus’ well-built citadel.
The townspeople on the seashore were offering black bull sacrifices to the dark-haired Earth-shaker. There were nine companies, each with 500 men and nine bulls ready for sacrifice. When they had tasted the inner parts and were burning the thigh-pieces to the lord, the others rushed to the sea, hauled up and furled the sail of the shapely ship, moored her, and moved forward. Telemachus stepped forward from the ship as well, and Athena led the way. And the goddess Athena, with her flashing eyes, spoke first to him, saying, “For to this end hast thou sailed over the sea, that thou mightest seek tidings of thy father,—where the earth covered him, and what fate he met.” But come now, go straight to Nestor, the horse tamer, and find out what advice he keeps hidden in his breast. And make a personal request to him that he confess the truth to you.
The odyssey by homer | books 3-4 summary and analysis
As Telemachus and Athena (still disguised as Mentor) arrive at Pylos, they discover a massive ritual in which 4,500 people sacrifice 81 bulls to Poseidon. Telemachus is self-conscious about his youth and inexperience, but with the help of Athena/Mentor, he makes a favorable impression on King Nestor, the oldest of the Greek chieftains. Nestor’s predicament, and indeed the whole state of affairs in Pylos, contrasts sharply with Odysseus’ and Ithaca’s. Telemachus learns how to act as the son and heir to a great king through his experiences in Pylos and with Athena’s help.
Nestor reminisces about the old days and goes into great detail about Agamemnon’s assassination. He has nothing to say about Odysseus since he last saw him shortly after the victory at Troy, but he suggests that Telemachus and Nestor’s son Pisistratus travel to Sparta to see Menelaus, Agamemnon’s brother, who may be of more assistance to the guests. Before leaving for other errands, Athena returns to the ship to instruct the crew. Nestor offers a chariot and a team of steeds for the two princes’ ride to Sparta after another sacrificial feast.
The odyssey by homer part 3 ( full audiobook )
This chapter is for readers who enjoyed The Iliad and want to read either—or both—of Homer’s Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid, the two great narrative poems of antiquity. Neither of these poems is as challenging as The Iliad, but they are both enjoyable to read. Of course, because almost everyone enjoys The Odyssey, even those who aren’t particularly fond of The Iliad should give it a shot.
The Iliad and The Odyssey seem to be connected in the minds of many people. After all, they’re both written by Homer, and The Odyssey appears to be a sequel to The Iliad. Of course, truth isn’t quite so straightforward. First, because we don’t know whether a person named Homer wrote the poems or even existed, it’s risky to assume that both poems were written by the same person, and given the history of oral composition that I briefly mentioned in the previous chapter, it’s risky to assume that any single person wrote either of them. Furthermore, The Odyssey is just a tangential continuation of The Iliad. People remember Odysseus for his amazing adventures, but they only make up a small part of the poem. Those adventures are thrilling, but The Odyssey’s heart is elsewhere. Actually, there were a number of other poems based on the Troy story, but they have all vanished except for brief fragments.
Video sparknotes: homer’s the odyssey summary, part ii
The author, Homer, starts Book One by asking the Muse, the goddess of poetry, to bless the epic poem that follows. This invocation often serves as a teaser for the story to come, piqueing the audience’s interest and making them eager to hear it. The tale of Odysseus, a king and hero who fought and won the Trojan War, is told in this poem. He wants to return to Ithaca with his men after his victory, but the journey will be difficult. He and his wife Penelope had a son called Telemachus before he went to war. Since the war lasted ten years, his son grew up when his father was gone. Then, as they awaited his father’s return (which took another ten years), suitors barged into the palace and demanded that Penelope select a new husband. They believed Odysseus had died and desired a new king for Ithaca. Penelope clung to the expectation that her husband would return and vowed to stay faithful. Telemachus even wished for the suitors to stay away from his mother, but he was too young and helpless to do so.