Political economy of china
China: constitutional development and political
The main goal of this paper is to show, through a study of China’s economic reforms, that the emergence of a broad private sector, as well as the increased complexity and diversification of industry, have necessitated ongoing reorganization of activities between the state and private sectors of the economy. In this paper, we argue that the state began to play a greater role in important industries and big finance, as well as in the coordination and socialization of investment, such as monetary and fiscal policy, international exchange, and, most significantly, the launch of new and higher forms of economic planning.
The People’s Republic of China’s vigorous and sustained economic development, and consequent growing of power, may be the most significant reality (in political and economic terms) of the contemporary world, following a direction similar to that of the United States between the second half of the nineteenth century (consolidating its territories) and the end of World War II.
Maintaining high investment rates and, as a result, the anticipated increase in installed capacity, combined with the development of a modern financial system, ensures the national conditions for the construction of “dams against unfavorable historical tides” (Kissinger, 2011, p. 446), as seen in the country’s response to the global financial crisis in the early years with an infrastructure plan. Surprisingly, the degree to which accumulation dynamics were focused on investment, its weapon against international crisis, was cause for greater amplitude of the dynamics, and thus the urgency of the change to a trend centered on resource mobilization for consumption. This is a trace in the form of systemic imbalances that interfere with the internal climate, resulting in financial bubbles and high provincial debt – forerunners of a financial crisis and expressions of a long internal transition period.
Doug lee – the political economy of china (1978
This book views Southwest China’s ongoing hydropower expansion as a sociopolitical and transnational project that goes beyond dam building. The chapters in this book are divided into three sections: governance of hydropower and resettlement, rural livelihoods, and international relations related to China’s hydropower expansion. Dams of various sizes are studied as infrastructure projects that affect people’s livelihoods, the environment, and China’s relations with Southeast Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
Jean-François Rousseau is an Assistant Professor at the University of Ottawa’s School of International Development and Global Studies. His research examines the relationships between agrarian reform, infrastructure growth, and ethnic minority livelihood diversification in Southwest China, with an emphasis on nature-society relations.
Sabrina Habich-Sobiegalla is an Assistant Professor at Freie Universität Berlin’s Institute of Chinese Studies.
Regional growth, central-local relations, and energy and resource governance are among her research interests, with an emphasis on China.
Dams, Migration, and Authoritarianism in China: The Local State in Yunnan, published by Routledge, is her first book.
13th aiccs | thematic panel iv: political economy
The political economy of state employment and instability in
The political economy before 1949 is seldom regarded in studies of Chinese reform period rural industry and commerce. This article proposes a variety of ways in which a deeper understanding of the political economy of Chinese handicraft industry and trade in the eighteenth, late nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries, as well as after 1949, will help us better understand current practices and potential possibilities. It explores the role of social networks in lowering transaction costs, as well as the specific ways in which officials promoted rural industry during various historical times, in order to highlight aspects of recent Chinese practices that may make more sense when we consider how they rely on assumptions and sensibilities common to earlier periods of Chinese political economy.
Complex rice, mulberry, and fish pond regimes have been built on Jiangnan and Guangdong paddy lands [Li 1998; Marks 1998]. There was increased planting of various cash crops – teas, tobaccos, and indigo – on the hill lands of various provinces [Zheng 1989: 327-374]. As commercial production increased, different spatial scales of trade grew. In some cases, a region’s specialty crops and handicrafts found a large market; examples include Fujian teas, Foshan ironware, and Jingdezhen pottery. However, the production of cash crops and textiles was often destined for commercial circulation within more restricted spatial settings; this was particularly true for the most valuable and volumetrically important commercial commodities – grains and textiles. On China’s outskirts, the government took a more active role in encouraging development and trade by shifting capital. This is evident in the case of granaries, which stockpiled more grain per capita in the periphery than in the center [Will and Wong 1991: 295-319].
The chinese economy in the next 30 years: political reform
The course examines the history of China’s economic growth since 1978. This necessitates an understanding of both China’s current political shifts and how political decision-making and globalization have affected China’s current economic role in the world. As a result, it reflects on the major economic/political events of the last few decades, as well as current economic problems in China. It serves as a resource for students involved in working on China (e.g., think tanks, international organizations, non-governmental organizations), with China (business), or in China in the future.