Lyme disease and tinnitus
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According to a new report, the majority of tick-borne disease patients admitted to an outpatient otolaryngological clinic in Poland had hearing loss and tinnitus. Sowula and colleagues from Jagiellonian University in Krakow study the reports of 216 patients, ages 18 to 55, who were tested in their clinic for tick-borne diseases between 2014 and 2016, in the article “Otolaryngological symptoms in patients treated for tick-borne diseases.” 1st
Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis are the most common tick-borne diseases in Europe. However, “the number of infections caused by pathogens from Bartonella, Babesia, Anaplasma, Brucella, and other organisms has been growing in recent years,” according to Sowula. This research looked at the occurrence of otolaryngological symptoms not only in Lyme disease patients, but also in those with other tick-borne illnesses.
According to the authors, otolaryngological symptoms were encountered by three-quarters of the 216 patients diagnosed with a tick-borne disease. Tinnitus (76.5 percent) was the most common symptom, followed by vertigo and dizziness (53.7 percent), headache (39 percent), and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (16.7 percent), according to Sowula.
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Tinnitus is a symptom, not a medical disorder. Tinnitus can be caused by a variety of factors, including sudden deafness (SSHL), acoustic trauma, hearing loss, Meniere’s disease, autoimmune disorders, temporomandibular joint disorders, cervical spine changes, Lyme disease (borreliosis), acoustic neuroma, chronic or acute middle ear infection, and more. It is also important to discuss a patient’s extensive medical history as well as diagnostic procedures. Infusion therapy to enhance blood flow can be useful in the acute process in some cases.
Tinnitus retraining sessions take a long time to complete and cannot be done during regular business hours to be successful. As a result, you will need to schedule a meeting during one of our allocated consultation hours.
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Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted by ticks. A rash in the form of a bulls-eye or a fever are also classic early symptoms of infection. It is important to seek care as soon as possible if you experience these symptoms. If not, the bacteria may enter the bloodstream and cause neurological symptoms such as meningitis, facial muscle atrophy, memory loss, sleep disturbances, and mood swings.
It can cause much more serious harm to your body, including your auditory system, if left untreated. Hearing failure, hyperacusis, and tinnitus are all examples of this. Patients with late-stage Lyme disease are said to have a 48 percent chance of developing hearing problems.
Tinnitus is the sense of hearing a ringing or high-pitched sound without knowing where it is coming from. Tinnitus has no cure, but it can be controlled with hearing aids, sound therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy.
How do you defend yourself from Lyme disease?
The best way to avoid hearing loss caused by Lyme disease is to avoid having Lyme disease in the first place. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, if you spend a lot of time outdoors, whether playing, planting, or hiking, you can avoid grassy, brushy, or wooded areas (CDC).
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Since patients sometimes do not remember being bitten by a tick, diagnosing neuroborreliosis can be difficult. Furthermore, if the bite happened in a secret spot, the normal skin lesion (erythema) might not have been detected. Direct and indirect diagnostic approaches can be distinguished. Diagnostic PCR with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and information collected from the skin lesion is used to directly identify the pathogen. Bacterial culture is the second direct diagnostic process. Unfortunately, Borrelia culture takes a long time (up to several weeks) and is not yet standardized globally. The patient’s antibodies directed against Borrelia sp. are used to make an indirect diagnosis. Most serological tests are two-tiered, with the first being an enzyme-linked immunoassay and the second being a confirmatory test using the Western blotting (or immunoblotting) technique. The detection of Borrelia antibodies in serum is a highly sensitive process, but it is not without its limitations, such as false-positive results due to contamination with other bacteria such as Treponema pallidum or Helicobacter pylori (5).