Fling the teacher text features
Text features gamezone
Features of the Text The name of the book or story is referred to as the title. The name of a section is called a heading. Important words are highlighted in bold or italic text. Glossary- a section of the text at the end of the book that lists vocabulary terms and their meanings in alphabetical order. A table of contents is a list of the book’s subjects (chapters) and page numbers that is found at the beginning of the book. At the end of the book, there is an index with a list of important locations, people, and other details. Subtitles are shorter, more descriptive titles that appear under the main title. Explanations or definitions of graphic features are given in captions. Sidebars are text-based descriptions that appear next to the text. Text Features are sections of a text that draw your attention to key details. WORD hints are text elements. Such examples are:
Featured Graphics Graphic features are visual aids that help you understand the text in a book or story. PICTURE CLUES are graphic elements. Such examples are: Illustrations of Maps Photographic images Figures Diagrams Tables Tables and graphs Timetables
Text structure activities
What plot elements are to fiction, text features are to nonfiction. Text features aid the reader in comprehending what they are reading and serve as the foundation for text structure (see below). So, what are the characteristics of nonfiction text?
Comprehension and text features go hand in hand. If the author wants the reader to know where a country is in the world, a map will help the reader imagine and comprehend the significance of that country’s position. If an animal’s anatomy is critical to understanding a text, a descriptive image with labels provides the reader with the assistance he requires to comprehend the text.
Readers may also use text features to figure out what’s relevant in the text and to them. Readers will waste time flipping through the book looking for information if there is no table of contents or index. The use of special print helps to attract the reader’s attention to essential or crucial terms and phrases.
Many of the text features given within a text are skipped over by readers of all ages, particularly struggling readers, in my experience. Take some time before reading to look over the photographs/illustrations, tables, graphs, or maps and discuss what you found. Make some educated guesses about what they’ll understand, or start a list of questions based on the text features.
Text features activities
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Text features activity 2nd grade
I begin the school year with a lesson on the structure of nonfiction texts. Students are offered a variety of nonfiction science books in small groups. They have been given the task of studying the books in order to assess the different types of text structure. Then, armed with this information, they deduce the author’s motivation for structuring the book in this manner. We then go into how this is a prereading technique called surveying the text, and that it’s the first of many they’ll learn throughout the year to help them develop their reading comprehension.
Alexandra Bluestein (2010), a language arts program instructional leader, highlights the importance of text features in assisting students in sorting out the most relevant details in a text. She discusses how text features aid comprehension by bridging the gap between nonfiction text and understanding. Knowing the significance of text features, I ask students to provide examples of text features and text structures before starting the book observation activity because I have noticed that they often confuse the words. Students learn that text features are elements, or organizational features, of the text by listing certain text features on the board, such as the table of contents, diagrams, and bold font (Figure 1).