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Can zika be transmitted through saliva

Can zika be transmitted through saliva

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The most common way to contract Zika virus infection is through a bite from an infected Aedes mosquito while traveling to a country or region where Zika virus transmission is a possibility. However, a limited number of cases have been transmitted sexually.
The majority of sexual transmission cases that have been identified have involved transmission from a male to a female partner. Transmission from a female to a male sexual partner has also been confirmed, as has transmission from a male to a male sexual partner, although transmission from a female to a female sexual partner is theoretically possible.
The Zika virus has been found in both sperm and vaginal secretions. Since the virus remains longer in sperm (3 months) than in the female genital tract (2 months), the preventive advice provided to men and women is different.
While Zika is normally asymptomatic or mild in the majority of people, it poses a significant risk to the developing fetus because it can cause severe birth defects. The risk of these anomalies tends to be highest during the first trimester of pregnancy, even though the woman had no symptoms at the time of her Zika infection. However, there is a risk of miscarriage during the pregnancy.

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The Zika virus, like a variety of other diseases like dengue and chikungunya, is transmitted primarily by mosquito bites from the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species. These mosquito vectors are widespread in many Texas urban areas, and they are active at all hours of the day and night, putting humans at risk for longer periods of time.
Despite the fact that evidence indicates the virus is found in saliva, we don’t know enough at this stage to tell whether Zika virus can be transmitted this way. Even, if you’re expecting a boy, it’s probably best to avoid sharing saliva with someone who might be infected with Zika.
Yeah, there is evidence that the virus can be spread from person to person via the bloodstream. Blood banks in American territories with locally transmitted Zika can import whole blood for transfusions from other countries, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The American Red Cross and the Food and Drug Administration are now demanding that blood donors who have recently traveled to endemic areas (Mexico, the Caribbean, Central or South America, or Miami, Florida) refrain from donating. If they have had some Zika symptoms, prospective donors can wait a month after the symptoms have subsided before donating. The FDA began recommending that the entire blood supply be checked for Zika on August 26, 2016.

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The Zika virus is found in saliva, according to a new report, but it may not be enough to make you ill.

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“There is no proof that Zika can be transmitted by saliva during deep kissing,” according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The organization may need to update its guidelines in light of the findings of research reported in the journal Nature Communications.”
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We highlighted some features related to saliva and virus infection, especially for the Zika virus, in this Point-of-View article. We have listed the risk for oral problems as a result of a microcephaly caused by a zika virus infection. Finally, we demonstrated the value of a more thorough investigation of saliva and its constituents as a fluid for diagnosing and treating oral and systemic diseases.
The presence of ZIKV in saliva, in our opinion, emphasizes the importance of using saliva as a diagnostic tool. In this way, saliva has become more widely accepted as a diagnostic fluid in recent years, not only because of its numerous contributors, such as serum and oral cell debris, but also because sampling is noninvasive, quick, painless, and inexpensive. 13 Furthermore, more prominent studies are underway using saliva for the detection of biomarkers for various diseases such as breast, ovarian, hepatocellular, and oral cancers, as well as leukoplakia and Sjogren’s syndrome, thanks to the rapid advancement of high-sensitivity biotechnologies such as ELISA multiplex and mass spectrometry technology. 14 Using colorimetric test strips, we recently demonstrated a connection between end-stage renal disease and salivary nitrite and uric acid concentrations. 15