Battle of trenton primary source

Battle of trenton primary source

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During the American Revolutionary War campaign for New Jersey, the Battle of Trenton was fought on December 26, 1776. The Continental Army, led by George Washington, launched a surprise assault on the winter quarters of a brigade largely made up of German troops from Hesse-Kassel in Trenton, New Jersey. Colonel Johann Rall led the Hessian brigade; he died of war wounds, and about two-thirds of his men were captured. [2] It was the first major win after a series of losses that had culminated in the fall of New York City, and it boosted American morale significantly. [three] [4] It was accompanied by two more American victories, the first on January 2, 1777, at Trenton, and the second on January 3, 1777, at Princeton. (5)
The formal commanding officers of the Hessian regiments were given names. Since many general officers were also appointed as regimental colonels, they were often absent from the regiment or preoccupied with other matters, even though the regiment was under their higher-level command. The regiments of Lieutenant Generals Wilhelm von Knyphausen and Friedrich Wilhelm von Lossberg, the second and third ranking general officers in the North American forces of Hesse-Kassel after Lieutenant General Leopold Philip von Heister, were driven by their lieutenant colonels because Rall commanded the entire brigade. [nine]

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During the time December 25, 1776 to January 2, 1777, the Rebels faced the British twice at Trenton and once in Princeton, New Jersey, under Washington’s personal command.

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The British were forced to abandon their presence in New Jersey and withdraw back to New York City as a result of these Rebel victories.

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Many books and papers have been written about these wars, given the remarkable reversal from the catastrophic defeats in the summer and fall of 1776.
The small number of soldiers involved is striking to modern readers.
Trenton was garrisoned by 1500 Hessians, and Washington led a small army against them.
Tiny units fought over a large area in the second battle of Trenton and the battle of Princeton.
Surprisingly, so little was done by so few!
Fisher’s book is the most detailed and reliable depiction of the battles for Trenton and Princeton, and it is a shining illustration of outstanding scholarship.
This is the book to read if you only read one book about these wars.
The appendices include comprehensive information on sensitive factors such as weather, river ice, and questionable records.
There is also a chapter on the historiography of war accounts.

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General George Washington’s army defeated a garrison of Hessian mercenaries at Trenton after crossing the Delaware River in a treacherous storm. The victory raised the morale of the American troops and set the stage for another victory at Princeton a week later.
Victory for the United States. The British army, which they thought was almost vanquished, demolished a large garrison while suffering few casualties. In the meantime, the Americans were able to seize vital resources such as food and clothes. General George Washington, emboldened, recrossed and crossed the Delaware several times during the next week, fighting a delaying action at the Battle of the Assunpink and gaining another spectacular victory at the Battle of Princeton.
After defeats at the Battle of White Plains in October and Forts Washington and Lee in November, the Continental Army’s morale was at an all-time low in late 1776. General Washington retreated through New Jersey and into Pennsylvania while he was pursued by the British. His force was reduced to a few thousand men, many of whom wore threadbare uniforms and lacked shoes, and enlistments were set to expire. The troops were huddled along the western banks of the Delaware River by December, with the waterway and cold weather assisting in keeping the British at bay. The American Crisis, by Thomas Paine, was passed around campfires, reigniting enthusiasm for the revolutionary cause and calming the soldiers’ spirits and resolve.

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George Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on February 22, 1732, but grew up near Fredericksburg. He studied math and surveying during his childhood and adolescence. He moved to Mount Vernon with his brother Lawrence when he was 16 years old. George was scarred by Smallpox before the age of 20, but when his brother died in 1752, he inherited his brother’s property (including Mt. Vernon).
Washington’s military career started in 1753, when he was sent into Ohio country to defend British interests during the French and Indian War. He fought the French in 1754 and was forced to surrender Fort Necessity (near present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania). When the British army was ambushed by the French in 1755, he continued as an officer in Ohio country, serving under British general Edward Braddock. After surrendering Fort Duquesne to French forces, Washington tasted defeat once more. The French, fortunately for the future United States, decided to free him rather than hold him as a prisoner. In 1758, he assisted in the capture of Fort Duquesne.