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According to the passage what were the benefits of the green revolution for china and india?

According to the passage what were the benefits of the green revolution for china and india?

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Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, the introduction of new, high-yielding varieties into developing countries resulted in a significant increase in food grain production (especially wheat and rice). Mexico and the Indian subcontinent were the first places where it had spectacular success. To achieve their high yields, the new varieties need large quantities of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, raising concerns about cost and possible environmental implications. Poor farmers, unable to afford fertilizers and pesticides, have seen even lower yields with these strains than with older strains, which were better suited to local conditions and had some pest and disease tolerance. Norman Borlaug is another example.

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The “green revolution” has been underway in a number of Asia’s agriculturally underdeveloped countries for nearly five years. Its introduction into traditional rural communities was heralded as a rebuttal to dire forecasts of global hunger. More than that, those caught up in the euphoria of the impending changes saw them as a panacea for the vast majority of cultivators’ poverty. They were right in believing that the new technologies would result in substantially higher efficiency and profits. However, the favorable conditions under which the new technology thrives are not readily available, and thus its reach and success are inevitably limited. Apart from that, where the movement has progressed, it has resulted in a slew of political and social issues. In short, the green movement can be both a cornucopia and a Pandora’s box, as Dr. Wharton correctly observed in Foreign Affairs in April 1969.
India’s experience demonstrates this clearly. Excessive expectations have been replaced by a more sober and meaningful understanding of the technology’s successes and the potential for extending its reach beyond its current limited limits. It has become clear that many more farmers must be brought in to share in the revolution’s benefits. The polarization of income between rich and poor farmers, as well as the loss of the tenantry’s status, which has been exacerbated by productivity increases, should not be part of the new agricultural strategy’s model. Though food self-sufficiency is a welcome—and likely—prospect for India, there is growing concern that, despite its technical viability, it will fall short of helping to solve some of the grave problems that a large number of village poor face. (Of course, the author’s views shared here and elsewhere in this article are his or her own.)

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The tea plant thrives in tropical and subtropical climates with rich humus and organic matter in deep, fertile, well-drained soil. Throughout the year, tea bushes need a humid, moist, frost-free climate. Consistent growth of tender leaves is ensured by frequent showers uniformly spread throughout the year. Tea processing is a labor-intensive sector. It necessitates a large supply of cheap, skilled labor. To preserve its freshness, tea is processed in the tea garden.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the Indian government began implementing agricultural reforms to develop the country’s agriculture. The White Revolution (Operation Flood) and the Green Revolution (based on package technology) were two of the techniques used to develop Indian agriculture. However, this, too, resulted in a concentration of growth in a few key areas. As a result, in the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development program was launched, encompassing both structural and technological changes. Crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire, and disease, as well as the establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies, and banks to provide farmers with low-interest loans, are all essential steps in this direction. Other schemes launched by the Indian government for the benefit of farmers include the Kissan Credit Card (KCC) and the Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS). On the radio and television, special weather bulletins and agricultural programs for farmers were also launched. To prevent farmers from being manipulated by speculators and middlemen, the government also announces minimum support, remunerative, and procurement prices for essential crops.

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The Green Revolution, also known as the Third Agricultural Revolution, was a series of research and technology transfer initiatives that increased agricultural production worldwide between 1950 and the late 1960s, with the late 1960s being the most important.

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1st As a result of the initiatives, new technologies such as high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of cereals, especially dwarf wheat and rice, have been adopted. Chemical fertilizers, agrochemicals, and a regulated water source (usually involving irrigation) were all linked to it, as were newer methods of agriculture, such as mechanization. All of this was seen as a ‘kit of activities’ that could be used to replace ‘traditional’ technology and be adopted as a whole. [two]
Norman Borlaug, regarded as the “Father of the Green Movement,” was a central figure who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. Over a billion people are said to have been rescued from hunger as a result of his efforts. The basic strategy was to cultivate high-yielding cereal grain varieties, expand irrigation infrastructure, modernize management techniques, and provide farmers with hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides.